Original Article
A Comparative Study on Consumer Protection in E-Commerce Law of Iran and European Union

Samaneh Ahmadikhah

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 1-12


  With increasing trend in using the electronic means of communication and trade in the world, the need to enact new laws and regulations with regard to e-commerce law is increasing day by day, where benchmarking of the countries and the leading organizations in this context can be used to provide the ...  Read More

Original Article
A Survey on the Relationship between Sale, Liquidity and Business Risk with Stock Returns at Companies Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange

Mahdi Bagheri; Abolghasem Gholamreza Tehrani; Elham Niromand Vojdani aval

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 13-27


  Tehran Stock. Based on data analysis based on a correlation test and descriptive test run. Descriptive statistics including measures of central tendency and dispersion are independent variables include sales, liquidity and business risk and stock return is the dependent variable According to the findings, ...  Read More

Original Article
Evaluation the Effect of Construction of Ecotourism - Entertainment Facility in Hormoz Island with the Vernacular Architecture Approach

HasanAli Pourmand; HamidReza Ameri Siahouei; Mohammadreza Yeganeh

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 28-44


  Tourism as one of the most important factors areas ‘development is an exchange an balanced activity which lead to social and economic development in regional level and justly distribution of income and also, it contributing the employment and today, its related activities included the largest industrial ...  Read More

Original Article
Defining Elements and Causes of Creating a Sense of Attachment and Belonging to Place by Studying the Interaction between Humans and the Artificial Environment

Amin Bahramian; Siamak Panahi; Jafar Yousefpour; Farzad Zarbakhsh

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 45-60


  Location is not only a shelter for human activities , but also it is a phenomenon that human gives it meaning with his interaction , attached to it , sometimes even he recognizes himself with it . If we look at it as a need of human being viewpoint, man need to emotional interaction with the place he ...  Read More

Original Article
Identifying Causes of Confusion for Parents of Children with Developmental Disorders–Nervous

Farbod Mofidi; Hassan Ahadi; Farhad Jomehry; Mahdi Rahgozar; Ne'matollah Babaei

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 61-70


  This study was performed and aimed to identify the causes and types of confusion in the treatment of parents of children with developmental disorders. The questionnaire was designed to investigate the causes of confusion appropriate for our aim was completed by 350 parents of children who were purposefully ...  Read More

Original Article
The Effect of Education on Social Acceptance and Happiness by High School Students in Sabzevar City

Maryam Motakef far; Mosavi Alizadeh; Hasan Nodehi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 71-78


  The present study investigated the effect of teaching happiness by Fordyce method to students on their social acceptance and happiness. The subjects participating in the study were 30 female high school students in 1391-1392 at sabzevar high schools. The subjects were selected using random sampling procedures. ...  Read More

Original Article
Public Park

Farzad Zarbakhsh; Jafar Yousefpour; Younes Karimpour Hayedi; Farhad Yadegari

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 79-90


  How can one expect a rational growth and development of urban communities without a definite guide line for applying fixed elements on city planning such as Park? Introduction: City Planning; the unified development of cities and their environments. For most of its history, city planning dealt primarily ...  Read More

Original Article
The Comparative Study of Ownership Structure Effects (Mix and Concentration) on the Value of Companies Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange (Iran) and Bombay Stock Exchange (India)

Hossein Ali Jalali; Asghar Asadi; Seyed Yosef Ahadi Serkani

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 91-103


  The present is a comparative study investigating the effect of ownership structure (concentration and mix) on the value. It is an important issue in financial management texts and financial management discussions of companies. The present work is aimed to find the effect of ownership concentration and ...  Read More

Original Article
The Impact of Financial Constraints and Managerial Entrenchment on the Relationship between Excess Cash Holdings and Investment

Hossein Rahmandost; Ali Faez

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 104-118


  This study seeks to examine the impact of financial constraints on the relationship between the management and investment of excess cash held by companies. A total of 90 companies from the companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange In the period of 1384 to 1391 were selected for the study ...  Read More

Original Article
The Effect of Earthquake on Youth Tendency to Artificial Narcotics Consumption in Bam Township

Hossain Sharifian; Mahmoud Roholamini; Mohammad Mehdi Mossavi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2019, Pages 119-124


  This research is aimed to study the effect of earthquake on changing the pattern of traditional narcotics consumption into artificial narcotics in Volunteers of addiction abandonment in Green Houses. The present research is a discretional study. The subjects of research include 150 males who were going ...  Read More