Original Article
A Comprehensive Literature Review in Competitive Advantages of Businesses

Manijeh Gareche; Seyed Mahmoud Hosseini; Masoud Taheri

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 223-240


  The previous studies on the field of competitive advantages of businesses were reviewed. Competitive advantage refers to a set of factors or capabilities that enable the company to demonstrate better performance comparing to the competitors. Totally 59 articles in eight different fields, including strategic ...  Read More

Original Article
Evaluation of the Relevant Factors with the Formation of Marginalization in Qorveh, a Case Study in Sheikh Jafar Quarter

Ata Olah Erfani; Masoud Almasi; Hamideh Reshadatjoo

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 241-254


  Marginalization as a challenge underhand of urban development areas, turns regions and its surrounding into problematic and vulnerable areas. This phenomenon is dramatically increasing in Qorveh. Considering the importance of Qorveh in terms of economic, cultural, social and strategic positions in Kurdistan, ...  Read More

Original Article
The Impact of Organizational Happiness on the Working Life Quality: A Case Study among Isfahan University’s Staff

Mohammad taghi Mahmoudi; Marsa Azar; Rayehe Bahrami

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 255-265


  Nowadays, the lack of happiness in organizational environments is one of the main problems for these organizations. In these organizations, organizational structures and management strategies should be looking for some tools and methods to perform the duties of the employee more effectively and increase ...  Read More

Original Article
Studying the Effect of Rantierism on the Relationship between Government and Nation

Saeed Chehrazad

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 266-273


  In the field of politics, a variety of trends are presented for studying policy so that research activities are not done based on theory, per se. Until a few decades ago, politics and economics were considered to be two separate issues in the analyses. It is said that liberalism was the underlying reason ...  Read More

Original Article
Tax and Its Impact on the Economic System: an Overview on the Tax System in India

Malek Haghgooei

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 274-281


  One of the main and essential issues in the developing countries is vast financial resources. Having vast financial resources with an efficient management in the economy ultimately leads to the development of the economy. Therefore, most companies are looking for certain activities which result in directing ...  Read More

Original Article
Administrative Corruption: Why and How?

H.R Taboli; M Samie'e Darooneh; A. Ehsani

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 282-288


  Administrative corruption is a complicated, multidimensional phenomenon created by many reasons resulting in many effects, which is exhibited in a variety of roles and aspects. Considering the importance of this subject in different countries, extensive studies have been carried out in recent years to ...  Read More

Original Article
The Legitimacy of Religious Democracy

Gholam Abbas Mohammad Hassani

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 289-300


  The religious democracy pertains to a type of government in which its spirit and management are based on human’s characteristics and realities while it is aimed at enhancing both physical and spiritual dimensions toward perfection and achieving a rational life. According to right and fact, which ...  Read More

Original Article
Effect of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) on Marketing Performance, a Case Study in Mellat Bank of Khorram-abad County

M. Goudarzi; S. Mossallami Aghili; Z. Mokhtary Tajeek

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2019, Pages 301-309


  Today with more competiveness of industries, markets, and working atmosphere in productive and service organizations, what is very important for maintaining clients present, for attracting new clients and as a result increasing growth of success in organizations is having a suitable relation with clients. ...  Read More