Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaii University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences University, Tehran, Iran



This study was performed and aimed to identify the causes and types of confusion in the treatment of parents of children with developmental disorders. The questionnaire was designed to investigate the causes of confusion appropriate for our aim was completed by 350 parents of children who were purposefully selected. The obtained data were analyzed by factor analysis and then the relationship between each factor and the amount of confusion using log-linear analysis. The results indicate that factors such as control, beliefs, interaction of therapist - client and access to confusion treatment the type of internal special and factors such as beliefs, social- cognitive factors and interaction of therapist - client can predict the delay referring to the therapist. The investigation determined the greatest cause of confusion was social–cognitive factor, and minimum is commitment factor. Confusion is result of a combination of individual and environmental factors that confirms the need for individual counseling with parents at the same time informing health officials to help families of children with developmental disorder.


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