Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of Payam e Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Departments of Governmental Management, Faculty of Human Sciences, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Management, Elm o Farhangh (Science and Culture) University, Kashmar Branch, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Administrative corruption is a complicated, multidimensional phenomenon created by many reasons resulting in many effects, which is exhibited in a variety of roles and aspects. Considering the importance of this subject in different countries, extensive studies have been carried out in recent years to identify and ascertain the causes of this dilemma. It should be asserted that economic factors are fundamental in any social structure driving people to wrong actions including bribery, embezzlement, and financial corruption. Administrative corruption is a social phenomenon facing all countries of the world. On this basis, various nations with different perception of corruption as an inevitable issue have decided to found their political and institutional structures in a way that least degrees of corruption are observed. International experience suggests that corruption is complex, hidden and diversified. Thus, combating it needs a continuous, lengthy, and difficult process. Corruption is rooted in various backgrounds, which can result in creation and expansion of administrative corruption in potential and actual forms. Using these factors, we can find more effective ways in reducing and eliminating administrative corruption. With regard to the importance of administrative corruption, this paper aimed at exploring how and why administrative corruption exists.

Keywords

Abbasszadeghan, M. (2004). Administrative corruption. Cultural Research Office, Tehran.

Adib, M.H. (2009). Sociology of Iran. Hasht Behesht Publication.

Agha Bakhshi, A. (2007). Dictionary of political science. 2nd ed. Pegah Publication

Habibi, N. (2005). Administrative corruption (factors and combatting techniques). Asateer Publication

Habibi, N. (2009). Administrative corruption, 1st ed. Vasghi Publication.

Haj Yousefi, A.M. (1999). Rent, Rentier government and rentierism: a conceptual study, Etelaat Siasi and Eghtesadi, no. 126.

Haj Yousefi, A.M. (2007). Government, Petroleum and economic development in Iran, Islamic Revolution Document Center.

Klitgaard, R (2006). What can we do?, UNESCO message, No. 313.

Mahmoodi, A. (2003). Combatting administrative corruption. Imam Khomeini Research Center, Tehran.

Rafiee'pour, F. (2000). Development and contradiction,  1. Sahami Enteshar Company, Tehran.

 Rahbar, F., F Mirzavand, G, Zālpour. (2008). Re-identification of financial management: nature, variety, effects and lessons. Jahad e Danshghahi in the University of Tehran.

Robins, A. (2005). Organizational behavior management, Translated by Parsaian and A'arabi, Commercial Study and Research Center, Tehran.

Samie'e,  H. (2009). Criminal Law, Sherkat e Matbouat Publication.

Sinjer, M.J. (1999). Human resources management, Translated by Ale Agha F, Governmental Management Education Center.

 Shokrollahi, M. (1999). Capacity building for official health, Official system and development, Employment Affairs Organization, Tehran.

Tatady,  V. (1999). Corruption, governmental activities and free market. Translated by Aghaee B. Etelaat Siasi and Eghtesadi, no. 150.Vol 14.