Document Type: Original Article


PhD. Student in Persian language and literature, Mashhad University. Iran


In this paper, the position of the magi is examined which was built by the mind (imagination) of Hafez. Meanwhile, a comparison was made between the magi of Hafez and the spiritual guide of Attar and the characteristics of the spiritual guide and his conditions are reminded.


Ashrafzadeh, R. (2001). Anecdote of sheikh san'an, Tehran: Asatir.

A shrafzadeh, Reza: Explanation of 60 odes by Hafez shirazi based on complete works (Divan) of Hafez, Ghazvini publications, 2002, Tehran: Asatir.

Ashrafzadeh, Reza: pour- Namdarian, Teghi :The lost of the sea side, (A consideration in the meaning and appearance of  Hafez's poems), 2003, Tehran: sokhan publications .

khorram shahi, Bahaeddin: The mind and language of Hafez, 9th edition, 2011, Tehran: Nahid Publication:

khorramshahi, Bahaeddin: Hafez-Nameh, Explanation of the pronunciations, signs and key concepts of difficult verses (couplets) of  Hafez, 1993, Tehran, Elmi(scientific) publications.

Rajaee Bokharayee, A.A. (2011). The culture of Hafez's poems, 2011, 9th edition, Tehran: Elmi (scientific) publications.

Yasrebi, Y. (2002). Joyful water, (Topic analysis of complete works/ Divan of Hafez), 2002, Tehran : publications of the centre of studies and research and publications of Aftab-e- Tose'e (sunlight of development).