Document Type : Original Article
1 Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Balochestan, Iran
2 PhD Student of Educational Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, University of Tehran, Iran
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between self-determination and the experience of fascination. The method of the present study is descriptive and correlational. For this purpose, 260 students of Sistan and Baluchestan University (104 boys and 156 girls) were selected using stratified random sampling method using the self-determination questionnaire (Sheldon and Desi, 1993) and the fascination status scale (Jackson and Auckland, 2002) responded. The results showed that the mean of students' self-determination and experience of fascination (122.91 and 39.07) with 95% probability, is higher than the expected average (108 and 30). The results also showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the perceived selection component and the experience of infatuation. (P˂0.01) and regression results also showed that the perceived selection component can predict the amount of infatuation experience. But the predictive power of the experience of infatuation by the component of self-awareness is weaker. And there was no significant difference between the level of self-determination and the experience of fascination of male and female students.
IntroductionStress the science of positive psychology is a new approach in psychology that instead of focusing on the negative aspects of human existence, focuses on the positive aspects and aims to change the focus of psychology from psychological disorders to a positive quality of life. (Sixth Century and Lefebvre, 1989). The experience of fascination has emerged as one of the newest constructs of positive psychology [1-3].
Baker (2005); Fallaga and Clovi (2009) state that the experience of infatuation was first developed and described by Sixthminthal. Sixthminthally placed the experience of infatuation at the center of positive psychology and defined it as a state of consciousness in which the individual, completely immersed in an activity. So that nothing else seems important .
This experience is enjoyable in itself and makes people engage in it just for the sake of being active, despite the high cost. Enjoyment of the activity, inner motivation to do the activity and full involvement in the activity are important aspects of the experience of fascination .
According to Asakawa (2004), an important factor that makes the experience of fascination important is that fascination is a universal experience that occurs for people of all cultures and in all countries. He states that the term experience of infatuation is coined to refer to a desirable state of mind in which a person feels that he or she has a more efficient and deeply engaged perceptual state, with a very high level of motivation and experience of pleasure .
Based on Sexentmihali's research on the experience of infatuation, Baker first proposed the model of infatuation in the workplace, defining it as a short-term peak work experience, stating that this experience occurs when between job expectations and There is a balance between the professional ability of the staff. According to this model, fascination is characterized by three elements: attraction, job pleasure and intrinsic motivation .
Recruitment refers to a state of complete concentration in which employees become fully engaged in their work and time passes quickly and they forget about the things around them. Job satisfaction makes employees feel happy and their judgment of their quality of work life positive. Happiness is the result of the emotional and cognitive evaluation of the experience of fascination. Intrinsic motivation also refers to doing the work or goal of experiencing inner pleasure and contentment. Six-Century (1989) states that in order to gain the experience of infatuation, a balance must be struck between the challenge received in that situation and the skill that the person acquires in that situation, and in order to remain in the state of the experience of infatuation, one must Increase the complexity of your activity with skills to receive more challenges .
According to the theory of the experience of fascination; Intense concentration, interest and pleasure in an activity must be experienced simultaneously for this experience to occur. And it is associated with a sense of inner motivation, high control, low self-awareness and enjoyment .
Sexentmihali (1989) also states that there are activities in which a person engages in conflict; Sober, controlled, aware, and optimally functioning, does not sense time, emotional problems disappear, and may feel superior and united in that activity. This state is probably characterized by complete absorption, pleasure and deep involvement in the activity in question .
A person may be reading a favorite book, talking to a person, engaging in a favorite pastime, or playing a favorite game. If any of the above is true, the person is experiencing a feeling of well-being. (Mohsenian, 2015). This experience emerged a quarter of a century ago and was known as the result of a series of studies that were originally called internal stimulus activities, and that is what an activity looks like, not because of external reinforcements and external factors, but because of the activity itself, are done by individuals.
Models related to the experience of fascination include the following cases:
1- Sequent Mihali Fascination Experience Channel Model (1975) Studies first conducted by Chichant Mihali in 1975 are considered a state of fascination. Chichant Mihali (2009) emphasized the dimension of pleasure as the main reason for pursuing an activity. In his research, Sexentmihali concluded that activities provide the background for the experience of fascination that provide opportunities for action, without worry and fatigue. This model shows that the experience of infatuation occurs when a person finds a balance between the challenges ahead and his or her personal skills, which Chichant Mihali refers to as the channel of the experience of infatuation (Chichant Mihali, 1975). When a person believes that the situation in which he is active has too many cha