Document Type : Original Article


1 Member of Management and Accounting Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


The present paper is a review of the research works conducted on corporate competitiveness. The term “competitiveness” refers to capacity of a corporate in increasing production capacity by the way of introducing products and services to the market that meet the standards of the global market. Forty articles were reviewed and surveyed; these articles have been conducted in six different fields of strategic management, strategic management of marketing, marketing management, information technology (IT), knowledge management, and human resources (HR) management and among them, strategic management constituted subject matter of the main portion of the articles. Summary of the results revealed the aspects of competitive advantages measurement including competitive intelligence, pivotal merits, communicative capacities, and organizational capacities. Furthermore, in the articles under consideration, competitive intelligence and organizational capacities, among other aspects, had the lowest and highest roles respectively.


Abeson, F. & Taku, M. (2009). Knowledge source and small business competitiveness, Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness, 19(2): 88- 95.
Adids, M. (2003). Basic skills and small business competitiveness: some conceptual consideration, Journal of Education + Training, 45(3): 152-161.
Ahmad, S.; Schroeder, R. & Sinha, K. (2003). The role of infrastructure practices in the effectiveness of JIT practices: implications for plant competitiveness, J. Eng. Technol. Manage, 20: 161–191.
Andreeva, T. & Kianto, A. (2012). Does knowledge management really matter? Linking knowledge management practices, competitiveness and economic performance, Journal of Knowledge Management, 16(4): 617-636.
Barkely, I.; dann, Z. & Holroyd, P. (2000). New Product Development: a Practical Workbook for Improving Performance, McGrow-Hill Companies, Inc. 
Bessant, J. & Francis, D. (1999). Using learning networks to help improve manufacturing competitiveness, Technovation, 19: 373–381.
Bramorski, T.; Madan, M.; Motwani, F. & Sundarraj, R. (2000). Improving competitiveness of ready-to-assemble manufacturers through information technology, Logistics Information Management, 13(4): 201-209.
Burcher, P. & Lee, G. (2000). Competitiveness strategies and AMT investment decisions, Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 11(5): 340-347.
Carneiro, A. (2000). How does knowledge management influence innovation and competitiveness?, Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2): 87-98.
Cetindamar, D. & Kilitcioglu, H. (2013). Measuring the competitiveness of a firm for an award system, Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness, 23(1): 7 – 22.
Choi, B.; Kim, J.; Leem, B.; Lee, C. & Hong, H. (2012). Empirical analysis of the relationship between Six Sigma management activities and corporate competitiveness Focusing on Samsung Group in Korea, International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 32(5): 528-550.
Denton, D. (1999). Gaining competitiveness through innovation, European Journal of Innovation Management, 2(2): 82–85.
Feurer, R. &  Chaharbaghi, K. (1994). Defining Competitiveness: A Holistic Approach, Management Decision, 32(2): 49-58.
Haahti, A.; Madupa, V. & Yvas, U. & Babakus, E. (2005). Cooperative strategy, knowledge intensity  and  export performance of small and medium sized enterprises, Journal of world Business, 40: 124-138.
Hallmann, K. et al (2012). Suppliers' perception of destination competitiveness in a winter sport resort, Tourism Review, 6(2): 13 – 21.
Holsapple, C. & Singh, M. (2001). The knowledge chain model: activities for competitiveness, Expert Systems with Applications, 20: 77–98.
Kamukama, N. et al (2011). Competitive advantage: mediator of intellectual capital and performance, Journal of Intellectual Capital, 12(1): 152 – 164.
Karaszewski, R. (2008). The influence of KM on global corporations' competitiveness, Journal of Knowledge Management, 12(3): 63 – 70.
Kiggundu, M. & Uruthirapathy, A. (2010). Canada's global and business competitiveness: competition policy reform in a changing world, Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness, 20(4): 288 – 304.
Kumar, A.; Motwani, J.; Douglas, C. &  Das, N. (1999). A quality competitiveness index for benchmarking, Benchmarking: An International Journal, 6(1): 12-21.
Liu, P.; Chen, W. & Tsai, C. (2004). An empirical study on the correlation between knowledge management capability and competitiveness in Taiwan’s industries, Technovation, 24: 971–977.
Liu, S. & et al (2003). Market-oriented organizations in an emerging economy, a study of missing links, Journal of Business Research, 56: 485.
Man, T. & Chan, T. (2002). The competitiveness of small and medium enterprises A conceptualization with focus on entrepreneurial competencies, Journal of Business Venturing, 17: 123–142
Niu, K. et al (2008). Strategic development of network clusters: A study of high technology regional development and global competitiveness, Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness, 18(3): 176 – 191.
Paprika, Z.; Wimmer, A. & Szanto, R. (2008). Managerial decision making and competitiveness: the case of Hungary, Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness, 18(1): 154 – 167.
Park, Y.; Choi, J. & Zhang, A. (2009). Evaluating competitiveness of air cargo express services, Transportation Research Part E, 45: 321–334.
Peteraf,  M.A. (1993). The Cornerstones of Competitive Advantage: A Resource-based View, Strategic Management Journal, 14: 179-191.
Petroni, A (2000). The future of insurance industry in Italy: determinants of competitiveness in the 2000s, Futures, 32: 417–434.
Phusavat, K. et al (2012). Intellectual capital: national implications for industrial competitiveness, Industrial Management & Data Systems, 112(6): 866-890.
Pilcher, T. (1999). Company benchmarking as a tool to aid competitiveness, The TQM Magazine, 11(1): 49–53.
Pillania, R. (2009). Competitiveness and emerging markets, Business Strategy Series, 10(2): 90 – 95.
Rohr, S. & Corrêa, H. (1998). Time-based competitiveness in Brazil: whys and hows, International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 18(3): 233-245.
Rosenfeld, S. (1996). Does cooperation  enhance competitiveness? Assessing the impacts of inter-firm collaboration, Research Policy, 25: 247-263.
Sahay, B.; Gupta, J. & Mohan, R. (2006). Managing supply chains for competitiveness: the Indian scenario, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 11(1): 15 – 24.
Salazar, M.; Vilchez, V. & Pozo, E. (2012). Coaching: an effective practice for business competitiveness, Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, 22(5): 423-433.
Sharma, B. & Fisher, T. (1997). Functional strategies and competitiveness: an empirical analysis using data from Australian manufacturing, Benchmarking for Quality Management & Technology, 4(4): 286-294.
Sirikrai, S. & Tang, G. (2006). Industrial competitiveness analysis: Using the analytic hierarchy process, Journal of High Technology Management Research, 17: 71–83.
Smith, A. (2000). Using consumer benchmarking criteria to improve service sector competitiveness, Benchmarking: An International Journal, 7(5): 373-388.
Smith, S. (1995). World-class competitiveness, Managing Service Quality, 5(5): 36–42.
Tanabe, M.; Angelo, C. & Alexander, N. (2004). The effectiveness of strategic planning: competitiveness in the Brazilian supermarket sector, Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 11: 51–59.
Vijande, M.; Lanza, A. & Álvarez, L. & Martín, A .(2013). The brand management system and service firm competitiveness, Journal of Business Research, 66: 148–157.
Vinces, J.; Carrion, G. & Chin, W. (2012). Effect of ITC on the international competitiveness of firms Management Decision, 50(6): 1045-1061.
Yee, R.; Yeung, A.; Cheng, T.C. & Lee, P.K.C. (2013). Market competitiveness and quality performance in high-contact service industries, Industrial Management & Data Systems, 113(4): 573-588.
Zylbersztajn, D. & Filho, M. (2003). Competitiveness of meat agri-food chain in Brazil, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 8(2): 155-165