Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty Member of Management and Humanities, Chabahar Maritime University, Iran

2 M.S. in Ecommerce Shiraz University, Iran


According to the young population and economic conditions prevailing in Iran in recent years, employment has been a major objective of economic policies. One of the most important policies is to promote economic cooperation in the share of micro enterprises on  one hand, and with its productive capacity it could increase economic power which helps reduce unemployment by creating jobs in the state on the other hand. Therefore, in this study, with the focus on employment as important activities, the role of the cooperative sector in a changing economic situation has been studied. Also, in order to evaluate their relative performance in achieving this goal the data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used.


Afonso A. & Fernandes, S. (2003). “Efficiency of Local Government Spending: Evidence for the Lisbon Region”. Available Online at
Banker R. D. & A. Charnes. & Cooper, W.W. “Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis”. Management Science, Vol. 30, No. 9. (Sep., 1984), PP, 1078-1092.
Charnes, A. Cooper, W. W. Rhodes, E. (1978). “Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units” European Journal of Operational Research, No 2, PP, 429-444.
Bergendahl, G. & Lindblom, T. (2008) “Evaluating the Performance of Swedish Savings Banks According to Service Efficiency”. European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 185, PP 1663–1673.
Cahuc P. & F. Postel-Vinay “Temporary jobs, employment protection and labor market performance” Labour Economics, Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2002, Pages 63-91.
Çetin M. &  Eğrican N. “Employment impacts of solar energy in Turkey” Energy Policy, Volume 39, Issue 11, November 2011, Pages 7184-7190.
Cimera R. E. & Rusch F.R.“The Cost-Efficiency of Supported Employment Programs: A Review of the Literature” International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Volume 22, 1999, Pages 175-225.
Cooper, W, W. & H. Deng, & Huang, Z.M.(2002). “A Non-Model Approach to Congestion in Data Envelopment Analysis”. Socio-Economic Planning Science, No 36, PP, 231-238.
Evangelista R. & Savona M.“Innovation, employment and skills in services. Firm and sectoral evidence” Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Volume 14, Issue 4, December 2003, Pages 449-474.
Mickiewicz T. & C. J. Gerry & Bishop K. “Privatisation, corporate control and employment growth: Evidence from a panel of large Polish firms, 1996–2002” Economic Systems, Volume 29, Issue 1, March 2005, Pages 98-119.
Morton P.J. “Annual bonuses, employment and productivity change in Taiwan's manufacturing sector” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Volume 37, Issue 4, 30 December 1998, Pages 481-507.
Nicholson, W. (1972) “Microeconomics Theory, Basic Principles and Extension”. The Prydenpress.
Phillips K. R. & Nordlund J. “The efficiency of the benchmark revisions to the current employment statistics (CES) data” Economics Letters, Volume 115, Issue 3, June 2012, Pages 431-434.
Vassiliev, A. & G. F. Luzzi & Y. Flückiger &  Ramirez J.V. “Unemployment and employment offices’ efficiency: What can be done?” Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Volume 40, Issue 3, September 2006, Pages 169-186.
Pickett J. & D.J.C. Forsyth, N.S. McBain “The choice of technology, economic efficiency and employment in developing countries” World Development, Volume 2, Issue 3, March 1974, Pages 47-54.