Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Industrial Engineering, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Baluchestan, Iran

2 M.A Student of Entrepreneurship, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Baluchestan, Iran


Transformational leaders, use personal capabilities of individuals to promote peoples' ideals and lead individuals and organizations a higher point of transformational performance. This research aims to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership and orientation toward entrepreneurship through correlation research method. Participants of the preset study were 134 employees and managers that were selected randomly through Cochran formula in Mobin Petrochemical Company. Data was collected by Boss and Avolio questionnaires of transformational leadership; and Hogus and Morgan questionnaires on transformational orientation .The data was analyzed through SPSS19 software. Research Findings show that level of using transformational leadership in Mobin Petrochemical Company and dimensions status of EO in Mobin Petrochemical is less than average. Also results of correlation coefficients showed that there is a significant relationship between transformational leadership and Entrepreneurial orientation and its indices. And Results of stepwise regression analysis showed that among transformational leadership components, "inspirational motivation" is the most powerful one to predict entrepreneurial orientation in organization.


Abedi Jafari, H., Aghaz, H. (2008). Transformational Leadership and Organizational Culture, Knowledge Management quarterly, Spring, 80.
Arabiyun, A., Najmabadi, A., Rezazadeh, A., Saedi, T. (2011). Effect of organizational structure on Entrepreneurial orientation of staff, Journal of Academic Library researches and university Informing,45th year, 58;34-53
Arabiyun, A., Abdollahzade, Gh. (2010). The role of employment and entrepreneurship development and Basij's role. Basij Studies Quarterly, 31-49
Aragon, J.L., Garcia, V. J., Cordon, P. E.  (2007). Leadership and organizational learning’s role on innovation and performance: Lessons from Spain, Industrial Marketing Management, 36: 349 – 359.
Bass, B.M, (1990), from transactional to transformational leadership: learning to share the vision, Organizational Dynamics,  18: 19-31
Bryant, S.E. (2003), The role of transformational & transactional leadership on creating, sharing and exploiting organizational knowledge, Journal of Leadership and Organizational Study, 9(4).
Covin, J., Slevin, D. (1991) .A Conceptual Model of Entrepreneurship as firm behavior. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16.
Dess, G.G., Lumpkin, G.T. (2005).  The role of entrepreneurial orientation in stimulating effective corporate entrepreneurship, Academy of Management Executive, 19(1): 147-156.
Geijsel, f., Sleegers, P., Leith wood, K. and Jantzi, D. (2003),Transformational leadership effect on teachers Commitment and effort toward school reform, Journal of Educational Administration, 41(3): 228-256
Ghahremani, M., Haji Khajeloo, S., Abuchnary, M. (2011). The role of transformational leadership in promotion of university to Entrepreneurial organization, entrepreneurship promotion quarterly, 4th   Year , 14: 185-204
Givens, Roge J. (2008)." Transformational Leadership: The Impact on Organizational and Personal Outcomes”. Emerging   Leadership Journeys, 1(1): 4-24.
Gumusluoglu, L., Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational leadership, creativity, and organizational innovation, 62:461–473
Hadizadeh, A., Raminmehr, H., Hosseini, S. (2009).  Examination of relationship between emotional intelligence and entrepreneurial orientation. Entrepreneurship development quarterly, first year, 4: 139-162.
Hedayat, D., Hedayat S. Transformative leadership position in organizational Entrepreneurship. Quality Control quarterly,  56: 54-61
Hortwiz, I.B., Horwitz, S.K., Daram, P., Brandt, M. L., Brunicardi, F. C., Awad, S.S. (2008). "Transformational Transactional& Passive-Avoidant leadership characteristics of a surgical resident cohort, Journal of surgical research, 148 (1): 49-59.
Horwitz, I. B., Daram, B. (2008) "Transformational Transactional& Passive-Avoidant leadership characteristics of a surgical resident cohort" , Journal of surgical research, 1-11
Hughes, M., Morgan, R. E. (2007) «Deconstructing the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and business entrepreneurial performance at the embryonic stage of firm growth», Industrial Marketing Management 36, 651–661.
Lumpkin, G.T., Dess, G.G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial rientation construct and linking it to performance, Academy of Management Review, 21(1):135-72.
Miller, D. (1983). The correlates of entrepreneurship in three types of firm, Management   science, 29: 770−791.
Mirkamaly, SM., Hayat, A., Gholamzadeh, H. (2012).  Effects of Transformational Leadership on organizational citizenship behavior of Daneshgar forces of the National Gas Company of Iran, resource management journal, 2(1).
Mughly, A, (2003). Designing a model of transformational leadership in administrative organizations of Iran, Journal of Knowledge Management, 62.
Politis, J. D.,  Harkiolakis, N. (2008), The relationship between self-management leadership; transformational and transactional leadership and entrepreneurial orientation, in the proceedings of The 4th Europea Conference on Management, Leadership and Governance (ECMLG 2008),  157-166.
Robbins, S.P. (2002),"Organizational Behavior",9 th ed. Prentice -Hall, Inc.
Sang M.L., Seong-bae, L., Raghuvar D.,   Pathak, (2011).  Culture and entrepreneurial orientation: a multi-country .Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009 study Int Entrep Manag J 7:1–15. 
Sanjagh, E.  (2001), an analysis of the nature and dimensions of leadership theory, Humanistic Science Quarterly, 11TH Year, Nos. 37 - 38.
Sanjagh, E., Purznjany, B., Hosseini, SM. (2011). Effect of Transformative leadership on organizational culture. defense strategies Quarterly, 9th year,  32: 112-136
Shirvani, A., Memarmontazer, E. (2010). Examination of relationship between transformational leadership and organizational Entrepreneurship. National Conference of leadership management challenges in organizations of Iran, 24 July, 1-16.
Singh, k. (2008). Relationship between learning organization and transformational leadership: banking organizations in India International Journal of Business and Management Science , 1(1), 97-111
Sosik, J.J. (1997), Effects of transformational leadership and anonymity on idea generation in computer-mediated groups, Group and Organizational   Management, 22: 460-479
Taghavi   ghareh Bolagh, H. (2010). Examination of the relationship between personality and transformational leadership among 19 regions of administrators of the ministry of education in Tehran, M.A dissertation 0f Tehran  university (in Persian)
Griffin, T., Coulthard, M. (2005), The impact of entrepreneurial orientation on the Australian industry. Monash university, business and economies.  Department of management working paper series,
Yadollahi Persian, J., Jannesari, S. A., Zamani, M. (2008) .The examination of inters- organizational entrepreneurship in government organizations, Entrepreneurship Development Quarterly, 171-206.
Yaghubu, N., Moghadami, B., Hoseini, M. (2010). Journal of transformation management, 2nd year, no.4, 2nd half of 2010, 65-95.