Original Article
1. Impact of Corporate Governance on the Cash Holdings of the Firms Listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange

Najmeh KhodaBakhshi; Ali Fazel Yazdi; Mohammad Reza Karimipour Ardakani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 82-95

Abstract
  As a concept related to several scientific fields such as accounting, economics, finance and law,  corporate governance motivates the individual and accumulative goals and reinforces the effective application of the resources and necessitates the responsiveness to the other stakeholders. Furthermore, ...  Read More

Original Article
2. The role of news media in the prevention of drug crime

Farshad Azizi; Mehdi Bakhshi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 96-101

Abstract
  Media messages are endemic in our society through exposure to television and radio, movies, outdoor and point of sale advertising, via newspapers and magazines, on the internet and through books, brochures and posters. News media rely on willing participants, such as police sources, to produce crime ...  Read More

Original Article
3. The Relationship between Religious Attitudes and Marital Satisfaction among married personnel of departments of education in Rasht City, Iran

Fatemeh Hosseini Dowlatabadi; Sajjad Saadat; Sobhan Jahangiri

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 102-110

Abstract
  Marital satisfaction is the objective feeling of satisfaction and pleasure from spouse, considering all aspects of marriage. Religious attitude is known as one of the factors that can be associated with marital satisfaction because the religion is guidelines for life and a system of beliefs and values, ...  Read More

Original Article
4. The Life and Death of Feridun in Shah-name

Susan Fotohi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 111-116

Abstract
  In this essay “Feridun” as one of the ancient Pishdadian kings whose life and fate has been mentioned in Pahlavi and Zarathustra-language books is comprehensively analyzed based on different aspects like his children, ethics, personality traits, fame summarizing dominant conceptions of Shah-name ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Manuchehri: the Poet of Nature

Susan Fotohi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 117-126

Abstract
  The description of nature and it beauties within the poetry of Manuchri Damghani, the poet of early 5th century A.H has got a special status. These young poet and portrait painter had fluent knowledge of Arabic literature in addition to fluency in description of beautiful aspects of nature manifesting ...  Read More

Original Article
6. A Sutvey on Socialization of Three Generations, Use of Social Networks and Internet (Case of Male Students of Mashhad High School)

Ezzatollah Mafi; Alireza Bidkhori; Amir Ali Kharazmi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 127-134

Abstract
  The wide-spread use of online social networking sites has sparked many psychological issues and research around the globe. A unique phenomenon has come into existence in which people rely on Facebook to satisfy their attachment need. It is one of the very innately psychological needs that presents throughout ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Developing Business Plan of Islamic Azad University (Case Study: Islamic Azad University-Neyshabur Branch)

Tooraj Sadeghi; Khadijeh Ghaemmaghami Tabrizi; Hadi Taherpour Kalantari

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 135-139

Abstract
  Recently, developing business plan is one of useful tools for achieving goals of organizations and familiarizing managers with strategies. The universities employ business plan in order to attract more students, or allocating resources efficiently. It is in regard to increasing student’s tendency ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Investigation of Relationship Between Leadership Style of Consultative, Leadership Style of Participative and Organizational Citizenship Behavior(A Case Study of Ahromsazeh Mashhad Company)

Javad Asa Kohne Farvoodi; Gholamreza Enayati; Gholamreza Malekzadeh

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 140-143

Abstract
  The present study was conducted to investigate relationship between leadership style of Consultative, leadership style of Participative and organizational citizenship behavior. Statistical population of this research is employees of Ahromsazeh Company in Mashhad city which 103 samples were selected randomly. ...  Read More

Original Article
9. A Survey on Importance of Urban Resources for Tourism Attractions

Mohammad Rahim Rahnama; Amirali Kharazmi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 144-153

Abstract
  Urban tourism is tourism that takes place in towns and cities where the historic heritage is not the main attraction, even though the settlement may have some buildings pre-dating the industrial revolution. Urban tourism includes a wide range of activities and experiences from sightseeing, visit­ing ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Roles of Mashhad’s Urban Texture in Planning and Design

Mohammad Rahim Rahnama; Alireza Bidkhori

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, Pages 154-164

Abstract
  This paper, first, briefly explained the usage of method in urban design process .then, configurative specifications of Mashhad's -one of the oldest and religious city of Iran-  spaces are analyzed by space syntax methodology during three historical stages of its development (first stage, mashhad ...  Read More