Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of philosophy of education in Tarbiat Modares University

2 M.A. In Philosophy of education

Abstract

Nowadays negative implications of Globalization, the crisis of values, crisis of media, consumerism, and lack of cultural identification, impatience in the face of religion, virtual identification and loss of religious and traditional values are the main challenges confronting students. Besides transfer of knowledge, schools are responsible for educating the graduates, too. It means that it should invest in flourishing all existential dimensions of students including intellectual, emotional, social, spiritual, and moral dimensions and care for their education and productivity. Now this question arises is that since religious education is a process accomplished through granting vision, genuine and practical obligation to the person, in harmony with his nature and far from force and pressure, in order to gain this- and other-worldly prosperity, can the school undertake this important responsibility or not and in the case of disability to fulfill this duty, should religious education be deschooled; i.e. the mission of religious education should be assigned to institutions other than school or not?  The findings of this investigation show that religious education doesn’t have desirable situation and the new generation doesn’t receive the religious thoughts and behaviors as is qualified. Teachers use grade and other quantitative indices to teach values and morality and evaluate the progress in religious education of students; this results in duality of the student’s identity, personality and behavior, because they are not motivated internally to learn religious issues. On the other hand, in Islamic societies, the administrators and politicians cannot be irresponsible for the religious education of members of their society. According to the doctrines of the true religion, Islam, governors and politicians are obliged to attempt to accomplish this affair, so ministry of education in Iran as a public institution has taken the charge of this affair and schools are charged with delivering religious and divine education to the students and the necessity of deschooling the religious education is denied in Islamic republic of Iran and since our formal education is directly governed by the government and is mentioned in national document of school curriculum and also the document of fundamental transition in education, the objective of education is to educate a religious and committed human being, we may not separate the religious education of students from school. So the possibility of deschooling from religious education in Iran is denied, too. But the tenure of government and formal education relating to religious education is conditional upon conditions, that if accomplished, the tenure will be permitted. In this article these conditions are indicated in detail.

Keywords

Karimi, A. (2002). A symbolic Attitude to Religious Education Emphasizing Explorative Methods. Tehran. Ghadyani publication

Etfield, D. (1978). Ethical Education magazine, no.7, pp. 158-165

Dawee, J. (1960). Democracy and Education, (translated by Aryanpoor, A.). Tehran: Shafaq publications. (Main language publication date 1916)

Marzooghi, R. (1997). Paige & Kleberg Ethical Development Theory. Tarbiat 2 publication. No.124

Hwardam O. & Samuel. (2000). Education Philosophical Foundations (educational science translation). Qom: Imam Khomeini educational and investigational institute, Hwarda, educational science translation, 2000.

Aristotle. (1999) Alsiasa, (translated by A. LotfiAsseyed), narrated by Jaafari, M., Islamic education. Tehran: Azadyarstoo, P., translated by A. narrated by Jaafari.

Mottahari, M. (1989). Collection of Works. Tehran: Sadra Publications. (Nahj-ol-Balaghe,first lecture)

Ramadan A.)1995(, TajrobealTorbie Al-Islamie fi Mizan al Bahs,

James, William (1986). Religion and Soul (translated by Ghaeni, M.). Tehran: Book Translation and Publication institute

Shariatmadari, A. (1996). Education philosophy, volume 9. Tehran: AmirKabir.

Political insight, two-quarterly periodical, volume of fall& winter 2009.  http://www.farsnews.com

Harani, H. E., (2005). Tohaf-ol-Oghol (translated by A. Jannati). Tehran international print and publication

Mizan-ol-Hekma, Vol.1, p.384

Alarbli, Ali-ibn-Isa-Abel-Fath. (692unar year). Kashf-el-Ghama-fi- Maarefate- Al-Aema, vol. 2. Bija: Ahle-Beit insight research and publication institute.

Quen, Bruce. (1993). Sociology Foundations (translated by TavssoliGh. &Fazel, R.). Tehran: Samt Publications

Imam Khomeini, R. (1999). Sahife-Noor, vol. 1. Qom: Compose and Publication of ImanKomeini’s works, p.65

Ansari, T. (2001). Essential techniques and efficient methods in education planning to acquire suitable education for students. Collection of articles’ summary of religious education pathology conference in education. Tehran: educational research and planning organization cooperation office, university jihad.

Karimi, A. (2001). “Religion giving or religion finding”, Islamic education, special for religious education pathology. Qom: Islamic education studies center.

Hakimi, M&Kamus, M (2003). Children and adolescent literature foundations. Vol.1. Tehran: Aron

Asrar, M. (2001) Religious education pathology in education from moral concepts, perspective, Collection of articles’ summary of religious education pathology conference in education. Tehran: educational research and planning organization cooperation office, university jihad.

Maleknia, A. (2001). Clarification and analysis of possibility and necessity of  religious education to suggest suitable techniques for religious education, M.A thesis, Islamic Azad University

Share poor, M. (2010). Education sociology. Tehran: Samt

Focualt, M. (1999). Care and punishment: birth in prison, Surveiller et punir: Naissance de la Prison (translated by Sarkhosh, N. &Jahandide, A.), Tehran, Nei publications

Dashti, M&Nafar, A. (2012). Change and changing nature, school counselor

Eisner,E. W;)1990(, The Educational Imagination, New York

Grimmitt, H; )1998(, Encyclopedia of education, New York ,P 34

Hurn, C0; )1985(, The Limits and Possibilities of Schooling: An Introduction to the Sociology of Education, Boston: Allyn and Bacon

Illich, I; )1971(, “The Breakdown of Schools: A Problem or a Symptom?” , Interchange, 2(4)

Ornstein, Allan, and Daniel Levin; )1993(, Foundations of Education. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company

Philips, (1990) Education Values and Moral; Practices and ldeas Education for Handbook, Entwisted. N .P. 395. London