According to article 38 of Iran’s civil law, the owner of the land is the owner of the above of land and the underground of the earth of the mentioned land. Mines are parts of the earth, on the ground or under the ground. We know that some natural resources can be created again but mine are not such resources. From the legal point there are some ideas about the owner of the mines. Although the ownership of the mines for private persons is limited, from the economy point we can not only permit to the government for using the mines.