Document Type: Original Article

Author

Department of Theology, PO box 19395-3697 Tehran, Iran, Payame Noor University

Abstract

The term authority means level of having capability to influence people with level of affectability on them. This capability is gradually intermingled with practice and power of the ruler. At present, authority usually speaks of some level of official power, subordination of others and special obligation within certain rules. An authoritative person has naturally the right of commanding but authority differs from simple exercise of power or force. On the other hand, two interpretations of power and authority must be separated: power means the ability to attract or instigate obedience while authority means exercise of some actions with the right of setting rules and running the affairs and the like. In Islamic culture, authority takes a certain definition; authority of the Islamic ruler approved by the religious legislator is considered the main cause of power as well as prevention of autocracy and dictatorship. This article tries to make analysis of authority and modes of its acquisition in Jurisprudent and to respond to skepticism raised thereof by concisely elucidating authority and its status in Islamic culture.

Keywords

The holy Qur'an

Nahj ul-Balagha, translated by Feyd ul-Islam

Usul-e Kafi, vol. 1

Imam Khomeini, Sahifa Noor, vol. 10

Imam Khomeini, Sahifa Noor, vol. 14

Imam Khomeini, Ketab al-bey'a, vol.2

Petroshwofski, Iliya Pavlovic, Islam in Iran, translated by Karim Keshavarz (Payam, Tehran, 1983)

Lambton, Ann. K. S., theories of state in Iran, translated by Chengiz Pahlavan (Ketab-e Azad, Tehran, 1980)

Ayatollah Khameneie, General Layout of Islamic Thought in the holy Qur'an

Tahzib ul-Ahkam, vol.6

Tay Shaman, Jenny; Graham White, European Philosophy in Modern Times, Hannaie Kashani, Mohammad Saeed, Nashre Markaz, 1st edition, 2000)

Bashiriyeh, Hossein, History of Political Thoughts in 20th century, Nashre Nay, 3rd edition, 2001, 2nd volume

Nowzari, Hossein Ali, Reviewing Haubermaus, Nashre Cheshmeh, 2nd edition, 2007

Enayat, Hamid, Political Thought in Contemporary Islam, translated by Bahaeddin Khorramshai (Khwarazmi, Tehran 1987), p.2021

Enayat, Hamid, Political Thought in Contemporary Islam, translated by Bahaeddin Khorramshai (Khwarazmi, Tehran 1987), p.33

Rossides, Daniel and….Ethics of Economic Growth, Tadayon, Ahmad and Ahmadi, Shahin, Hermes Publications, 1st edition, 2002

Watson, David; Arnet,Hanna; Valiyani, Fatemeh, Hermes Publications, 1st edition, 2006

Jahanbeglo, Ramin; Sovereignty and Freedom, Nashre Nay, 1st edition, 2004

Lidman, Soun Eric; history of political Ideas from Plato to Zaubermaus, translated by Saeed Moqaddam, Nashre Akhtaran, 3rd edition, 2007

Ali al-moqalled, Nezam ul-hokm fi al-Islam end al-nasir ul-Tusi

The Constitution of The Islamic Republic of Iran, article 107

Kampany, Dula Christiane; History of Philosophy in 20th century, Baqir Parham, Agah Publications, 1st edition, 1900

Pooladi, Kamal; History of Political Thought in the West (20th century), Nashre Markaz, 3rd edition, 2007

Pinn, Michael; the Culture of Critical Thought (from Enlightenment to Post-Modernity), Payam Yazdanjo, Nashre Markaz, 2nd edition, 2004

Meybodi, Mohammad Fauker; The Islamic Government Magazine, 2nd year, 3rd Issue, p.202

Tabatabaie, Mohammad Hossein; Shi'a in Islam ( the Great Library of Islam, 1975), p.25

Naraqi, Avayod ul-Ayyam

 Nezam ul-hokm fi al-Islam end al-nasir ul-Tusi

Arnet, Hanna; Revolution, Ezzatollah Fuladvand, Khwarazmi Publications, 1982