Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Management, Economics and Accounting, Payame Noor University, I.R.of Iran

Abstract

One of the important issues in regional economic literature is external economies resulting from economic specialisation. Regional economists consider economic specialisation as an effective factor of regional development. Therefore, the present study analyzes the effect of the industry economic specialisation on industrial employment in Golestan Province. To do this, Statistical data of the 12 industrial sub-sectors during 2001 - 2010 applied and investigated the effect of factors affecting the industrial employment including the level of economic specialisation of industries using panel data econometrics model. The findings of the model showed the positive effect of economic specialisation on the industrial employment.

Keywords

Beaudry, C., and Schiffauerova, A., (2009), Who's right, Marshall or Jacobs? The localization versus urbanization debate, Research Policy, 38, pp 318-337.

Belke, A and Heine, J., (2006), Specialisation patterns and the synchronicity of regional employment cycles in Europe, International Economics and Economic Policy, 3, pp, 91-103.

Blein, U, Suedekum, J, and Wolf, K, (2005) Local Employment Growth in West Germany: A Dynamic Panel Approach, Institute for the Study of Labor, 1723, pp 1-18.

Chiang, S, (2009), Location quotient and trade, The Annals of Regional Science, 43, pp 399-414.

Dekle, R, (2002), Industrial Concentration and Regional Growth: Evidence from the Prefectures, Review of Economics and Statistics, 84, pp 310-315.

Diamond, C, and Simon, C, (1990), Industrial Specialization and the Returns to Labor, Journal of Labor Economics, 8, pp 175- 201.

Farhauer, O., and Kröll, A., (2012), Diversified specialisation- going one step beyond regional economics’ specialisation-diversification concept, Jahrbuch für Regional wissenschaft, 32, pp 63-84.

Farahmand, Sh, (2012), the Effect of Cities’ Specialisation on Economic Sectors and Urban Growth in Iran, Journal of Economic Research, 4, pp 117-136.

Farahmand, Sh., and Abootalebi, M., (2012), the Effect of Economic Specialisation and Diversity on the provincial employment rate in Iran, Journal of Economic Research, 3, pp 45-63.

Illy, A., Hornych,C. , Schwartz, M.  and  Rosenfeld, M. (2009), Urban growth in Germany –The impact of localization and urbanization economies, Halle Institute for Economic Research –IWH, 19.

Manolis, C., and Andreas, G., (2013) Regional specialization and efficiency of the agriculture sector in Greece: The relationship with funding allocation. Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, 13, pp 119-130.

Marelli, E, (2004), Evolution of employment structures and regional specialisation in the EU. Economic Systems 28, pp, 35–59.

Mason, S, (2009), Regional industry specialization or regional industry diversification: is one better than the other?, 11th annual conference of the Centre of Full Employment and Equity (CofFEE), Newcastle, NSW, 4-5 December, Centre of Full Employment and Equity (Cof FEE), pp. 181-195.

Robson, M, (2009), Structural change, specialization and regional labor market performance: evidence for the UK, Applied Economics, 41, pp, 275-293.

Traistaru, I, Nijkamp, P, and Longhi, S, (2002), Regional Specialisation and Location of Industrial Activity in Accession Countries, 42nd Congress of the European Regional Science Association, Dortmund, 27th -31st August 2002.

Arrow, KJ, (1962), The economic implications of learning by doing, Thereview ofeconomic studies, 29.

Romer, P.M. (1986), Increasing returns and long run growth, Journal ofPoliticalEconomy, 94.

Vor, F. and Groot, H. (2008), Agglomeration Externalities and Localized Employment Growth, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, 033(3).

Baldwin, R. E. and Martin, P., (2003), “Agglomeration and regional Growth”, CEPR Discussion Paper, No.3960.