Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 MA in Divinity and Islamic Knowledge, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Divinity and Islamic Knowledge, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

One of couple’s duties towards each other is good companionship. Although this task has moral aspect and jurists have expressed different views in this regard, and also it has given legal status in Article 1103 of Civil Code. Since many legal articles have legal basis such as verses and traditions, discussion of extensive jurisprudence reflection on the issue of the statute is undeniable. So this study is conducted about legal- jurisprudence study of good companionship among wife and husband, this study is descriptive type and at the same time it is a citation one and it aims to recognize foundations of verses and traditions of good companionship legal materials, recognizing concepts and meanings of good companionship, identifying duties of the couples and effects of good companionship and it aims to achieve to mentioned goals. Required information was collected through library method, the results suggest that many family laws cannot be interpreted without taking into account common law and its role in interpreting laws is undeniable and, by referring to the jurisprudence sources and exploring different views of jurisprudence, legislator brings a rule that is more accurate and consistent with the society and through this he/she confronts common incorrect practices. On the other hand, because custom is a bed for law enactment and enforcement and custom relationship with society culture is unbroken; in addition to legislator, the cultural institutions of society can be more effective than using law and its penal and legal sanctions with correct culture- building in accordance with the principles of Islam in the context of family.

Keywords

The Holy Quran

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