Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Sirjan, Iran

2 Faculty Member of Farhangian University, Campus of Shahid Beheshti, Mashhad, Iran


The aim of this research was to determine the effects of internal and external religious beliefs on amount of hope prisoners in Sirjan city. This study was conducted using the descriptive methodology. The statistical Population of this research are all prisoners in Sirjan city. 78 mens and womens were randomly selected for this research. To examine the hope and attitude religious prisoners questionnaire was used. The results showed that the correlation between inner religious beliefs and prisoners Hopefully are (r = 0.27). With 95% confidence we can say that there is a significant relationship between these two variables. According to the results is recommended in rehabilitation and prisons centers with Hopefully prisoners can made a different and right way for Living ​​prisoners future.


Boyer, P (2003). Religious Thought and Behaviour as By-products of Brain Function, Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(3), 119–124.

Boyer, P. and Ramble, C (2001). Cognitive Templates for Religious Concepts: Cross-Cultural Evidence for Recall of Counter-Intuitive Representations, Cognitive Science 25, 535–564.

Barrett, J.L. and Keil, F.C (1998). Cognitive Constraints on Hindu Concepts of the Divine, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 37, 608–619.

Barrett, J.L (2000). Exploring the Natural Foundations of Religion, Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4(1) (January).

Barrett, J. and Keil, F (1996). Conceptualizing a Nonnatural Entity, Cognitive Psychology 31, 219–247.

Dunbar, R.I (1998). The Social Brain Hypothesis, Evolutionary Anthropology 6, 178–190.

Godfrey-Smith, P (2002). Environmental Complexity, Signal Detection, and the Evolution of Cognition, in M. Bekoff, C. Allen and G. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition, The MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 135–142.

Hardin, R (1995). One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Laughlin, C. and McManus, J (1979). Mammalian Ritual’, in E. D’Aquili, C. Laughlin and J. McManus (eds.), The Spectrum of Ritual, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 80–116.

Mithen, S (1999). Symbolism and the Supernatural, in R.I. Dunbar, C. Knight and C. Power (eds.), The Evolution of Culture, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, pp. 147–171.

Preus, J.S (1987). Explaining Religion: Criticism and Theory from Bodin to Freud, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Rappaport, R.A (1999). Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Smith, W.J (1979). Ritual and the Ethology of Communicating, in E. D’Aquili, C. Laughlin and J. McManus (eds.), The Spectrum of Ritual, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 51–79.

Sterelny, K (2000). ‘Niche Construction, Developmental Systems and the Extended Replicator, in R. Gray, P. Griffiths and S. Oyama (eds.), Cycles of Contingency, MIT Press,Cambridge.

Trinkhaus, E. and Shipman, P (1993). The Neandertals: Changing the Image of Mankind, Knopf, New York.

Wilson, D.S (2002). Darwin’s Cathedral: Evolution, Religion, and the Nature of Society, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.