Document Type: Original Article

Author

Postgraduate in Criminal Law and Criminology, Payam e Noor University, Iran

Abstract

Victimization is often caused by several factors such as poor physical and mental health, emotional imbalances, lack of social status and lack of environmental care, but some people’s offence is because of their physical, psychological and the other physiological characteristics more than the others. Aging means reduction of mental and physical powers that occurs over time and in different countries based on people living conditions and culture it differs. The elderly always are group of people vulnerable of being the targeted to crime. Unfortunately, the existing laws have very limited support. Also, there are behaviors which from perspective of government’s criminal laws may not be considered as crime but influence the elderly and their surrounding strongly. As a result, addressing them besides the acts and omission acts that controvert criminal laws of the governments, in order to understanding the causes of the elderly abuse, preventing it and reducing that damages influencing the elderly seems essential. So, according to extensive development in criminal laws and differentiation policy view of legislators to this area of study the existence of corporate policy in this area is required. But unfortunately there is no position for corporate policy in Iran and less attention is paid to it.

Keywords

Choen, L., Felson, M. Social change and crime Rate Trends, A Routine Activity Approach American Sociological Review, No 44, 1979.

Fattah, E. Understanding Criminal Victimization, Prentice Hall Canada Inc, Scarborough, Ontourio, 1991.

Nour-mohamadi, M, and Ebeahimi M, Ingredient from woman victims in Afghanistan, The journal of the Scientific and Educational Bimonthly of the public and Revolution Prosecutors Office of Tehran, 2nd Year, 2010 June and July.

Rohami, M, Victimless Crimes, Mizan Publication, 2011.

Zandi, F., The Prevention from Elderly victimization, University of Tehran Publication, 2007.

Najafi Tavana, A., Fadaei, H., Obligation Of persons to report the crime in Iran and France, The Journal of Islamic Law, Vol. 5, 19, 2007.

Tavajohi, A., The Position of victimization in Iranian Criminal policy, Univirsity of Modares Publication, 1997.

Farrington, David., Development Criminology and Risk – focused Prevention, the Oxford Handbook of criminology, 2002.

[9] Griffiths, A, Gwyneth. Williams, john, Elder Abuse and the Law, in the Mistreatment of Elderly people London, Newbury Park, New Delhi, Sage Publication, 1994.

Navab Nezhad, Sh., The Psychology of Elderlies, The Journal of Elderlies Collection, Banovane nikokar Publication, 2001.

Najafi Abrand Abadi, A., Criminal Policy, Salsebil Publication, 2008.

Picca, G., Criminology, Translated to Persian by Najafi Abrand Abadi, A., Mizan Publication, 2011.

Njaf Abadi, E., Iranian Criminal Policy against Harm able Victims, University of Ghom Publication, 2007.

Lazergez, Christine, Criminal Policy, Translated to Persian by Najafi Abrand Abadi, A., Mizan Publication, 2012.