The present study investigated the effectiveness of emotional intelligence training on parenting stress of mothers of children with physical disabilities. Among the mothers who had high stress scores and minimum secondary education, they were selected by simple random assignment in experimental and control groups. The measuring instrument for measuring maternal parenting stress was the Parental Stress Index (PSI) with a reliability coefficient of 0. 81. After collecting data, independent t-test was used for statistical analysis. The results showed: After examining the pre-test scores of parenting stress, a significant difference was observed between the means of the post-parenting stress test of the two control and experimental groups of mothers of physically active children. After examining the pre-test scores of children, parenting and life stress, a significant difference was observed between the mean post-test of child, parenting and life of the two control and experimental groups of mothers of physical children. Therefore, considering the ability of emotional intelligence as a factor Effective in reducing parenting stress of mothers of physical children, this intervention should be considered and emphasized by counselors and therapists.