Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 College of Medicine, Department of Nursing, Komar University of Science and Technology- Sulaimaniyah-Kurdistan Region, Iraq

2 Master of Psychology, Department of Literature and Humanities, Graduate of Malayer University, Malayer, Iran

10.22034/ijashss.2020.256464.1023

Abstract

Today, the number of obese people is increasing, and this problem, which in the recent past was considered a problem of developed and industrialized countries. It is now on the rise all over the world, including in developing countries, where food shortages are often the main nutritional problem. In addition, reducing the age of obesity and its prevalence in children and adolescents is also very important, because obesity at this age has a greater impact on health. In many cases, adult obesity begins in childhood, and effective prevention depends on how to deal with and control childhood obesity. Obesity in childhood and adolescence, especially during the second decade of life, is a strong predictor of adult obesity. The prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents is increasing in many countries around the world, even in countries where malnutrition due to malnutrition is still a public health problem. Accordingly, there is a close relationship between childhood obesity and the increased risk of adult obesity and the resulting physical problems. Today, overweight and obesity is a chronic disease that has become a health problem. It is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. According to the World Health Organization, 30% of the Middle East population is overweight. Today, overweight in children has become an epidemic, and in the age group of 6-12 years, overweight has more than doubled in the last decade.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

[1].             G. Mohamadi, A. Kavosi, Y. Raziani, A. parvinian nasab, Rhinocerebral mucormycosis and treatment: Report of two cases, J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci 2(2) (2014), 10-13

[2].             KK. Dolisgan, Y. Razisni, a review of child abuses and its management in Iran, Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19) (2020), 9899-9906

[3].             A. Krishna Mitra, Antioxidants: A Masterpiece of Mother Nature to Prevent Illness, Journal of Chemical Review, 2(4) (2020), 243-256

[4].             M.J. Choobineh, M. Abdollahbeigi, B. Nasrollahzadeh, the formation of gas hydrate and the effect of inhibitors on their formation process, Journal of Fundamental Applied Science 8(2S) (2016), 1150-1159

[5].             MB. Neutzling, JA. Taddei, Risk factors of obesity among Brazilian adolescents: a case-control study. Public Health Nutrition, 6(8) (2003), 743-749.  

[6].             N. Greger, Ch. Edwin, Obesity: A Pediatric Epidemic. Pediatric Annals, 11(2001), 694-700.      

[7].             N. Kalantari, Relationship of obesity and overweight in first grade school children in Shiraz with breastfeeding pattern, birth weight and socio - economic. Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 5(3) (2010), 28-19. 

[8].             P. Dimitrios, et al. Risk factors for childhood obesity in a Greek pediatric population. Public Health Nutrition, 13(10) (2009), 1535-1539

[9].             R. Ghiasvand, et al. Survey relationship between intake of junk food and weight in children 7-6 years old in Shahin shahr & Mimeh 2009. Journal of health system research. 6(7) (2010), 342-335. 

[10].         M Abass; J. Rzaij, A Review on: Molecularly Imprinting Polymers by Ion Selective Electrodes for Determination Drugs, Journal of Chemical Review, 2(3) (2020), 148-156

[11].         A. Moslehipour, Recent Advances in Fluorescence Detection of Catecholamines, Journal of Chemical Review, 2(4) (2020), 130-147

[12].         A. Samimi, “Risk Management in Oil and Gas Refineries”, Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, 3(2) (2020), 140-146

[13].         A. Villanueva, H. Wenzel, Paper waste - recycling, incineration or landfilling? A review of 672 existing life cycle assessments. Waste Manag. wasman. 2 (2007), 673-689

[14].         S. Akhavan, Survey prevalence and predisposing factors of obesity and overweight in preschool children in Yazd city. Yazd Shahid Sadoghi Journal of Medical Sciences. 16(5) (2008), 13-8. 

[15].         C. Liao, K. Kannan, Widespread occurrence of bisphenol in paper and paper products: 598 implications for human exposure. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45 (2011), 9372–9.

[16].         E. Opoku, Progress on Homogeneous Ruthenium Complexes for Water Oxidation Catalysis: Experimental and Computational Insights, Journal of Chemical Review, 2(4) (2020), 211-227

[17].         J. Javaheri, Investigate the relationship between height and weight of children entering primary school and meals status and level of education. Journal of Health Care. 6(1) (2010), 72-65.  

[18].          K. Hajiyan, Prevalence of overweight and underweight in elementary school children in the city of Babol. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences, 3(1) (2008), 93-81

[19].         K. Huus, JF. Ludvigsson, K. Enskar, J. Ludvigsson, Risk factors in childhood obesity-Southeast Sweden (ABIS) Cohort. Pediatrics, 96(2007), 1321-1325. 

[20].         KB. Michels, WC. Willet, Z. Tian, W. Wang, A longitudinal study of infant feeding and obesity throughout life course. International Journal of obesity, 31(2007), 1078-1085.

[21].         L. Castle, C. Offen, M. Baxter, J. Gilbert, Migration studies from paper and board 520 food packaging materials. 1. Compositional analysis. Food Addit. Contam. 14 (1997), 35–44.

[22].         M. Abass, J. Malallah Rzaij, A Review on: Molecularly Imprinting Polymers by Ion Selective Electrodes for Determination Drugs, Journal of Chemical Review, 2(3) (2020),  148-156

[23].         A. Samimi, S. Zarinabadi, A. Bozorgian, A. Amosoltani, M.S. Tarkesh Esfahani, K. Kavousi, Advances of Membrane Technology in Acid Gas Removal in Industries,  Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research , (2020), 46-54.

[24].         M. Abdollahbeigi, M. Asgari, Investigation of Nitrogen Removal in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants, Journal of Chemical Reviews 2 (4) (2020), 257-272

[25].         M. Abdollahbeigi, Non-Climatic Factors Causing Climate Change, Journal of Chemical Reviews 2 (4) (2020), 303-319

[26].         M. Fesharaki, et al. Investigate the effect of teaching on lifestyle of overweight female elementary school students in Orumieh city. Iran Journal of Diabetes and Lipid, 9(2010), 295-290

[27].         M. Khabazkhob, Prevalence of overweight and obesity based on body mass index. Iran Specialized Journal of Epidemiology, 3(2007), 36-35 

[28].          M. Poças, J. Oliveira, J. Pereira, T. Hogg, Consumer exposure to phthalates from 637 paper packaging: an integrated approach. Food Addit. Contam. Part A. Chem. Anal. Control. 638 Expo. Risk Assess. 27 (2010), 1451–9.

[29].         R. Parmar; R. Sapra; P. Pradhan; D. Meshram, A comprehensive Review of Analytical Methods for the Determination of Aceclofenac in Biological Fluids and Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms, Journal of Chemical Review, 2(3) (2020),  189-200

[30].         S. Alizadeh; Z. Nazari, A Review on Gold Nanoparticles Aggregation and Its Applications, Journal of Chemical Review, 2(4) (2020), 228-242

[31].         S. Biedermann, P. Tschudin, K. Grob, Transfer of bisphenol A from thermal printer paper 499 to the skin. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 398 (2010), 571–6. 500

[32].          S. Parry, Neutron activation analysis of recycled paper and board in contact with food. J. 628 Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 248 (2001), 143–147.

[33].         T. Shahraki, Underweight and Overweight among children in Zahedan, South-East Iran. Public Health Nutrition, 13 (10) (2010), 1519-1521.   

[34].          T. Fierens, K. Servaes, M. Van Holderbeke, L. Geerts, S. De Henauw, I. Sioen, G. Vanermen, G., Analysis of phthalates in food products and packaging materials sold on the Belgian 559 market. Food Chem. Toxicol. 50 (2012), 2575–2583.

[35].        T. Sipiläinen-Malm, K. Latva-Kala, L. Tikkanen, M. Suihko, E. Skyttä, and Purity of 652 recycled fibre-based materials. Food Addit. Contam. 14 (1997), 695–703